From : Pimbley's
Dictionary of Heraldry
Gule - To color red; to give the color of gules to.
Gules - (guelz) Red. This color on engraved escutcheons is
represented by vertical lines.
Fesse - (fes) One of the ordinaries. A strip or band placed
horizontally across the shield, occupying one-third of the field.
Dancette - (daN'-sa'-tay) Divided into large zigzags; resembling
the zigzag molding peculiar to Norman architecture. Dancetté differs from
indented in that the former has deeper and wider notches.
Ermine - (er'-min) One of the furs used in blazoning,
representing the skin of the little animal of that name. A field of ermine
is white with black spots of a particular shape. The animal ermine is
scarcely known in heraldry, although its fur is widely borne.
Trefoil - (tree'-foil) A charge representing the three-leaved
clover. Like the rose, it is generally, though not always, borne without a
Slipped - Applied to a flower or branch depicted as torn from
Or - Gold. In engraving it is denoted by small dots or points
spread all over the bearing or field.
Griffon - A fabulous beast, generally drawn with the body, legs
and tail of a lion, the head of a cock or an eagle, a pair of wings and
long, sharp claws. When represented on his hind legs he is sergeant.
Gorged - An animal or bird is said to be gorged when represented
with a crown or something similar around its neck. It is then blazoned as
"gorged with a crown," etc.
Displayed - Said of any bird of prey borne erect, with the wings
expanded. Applied especially to the eagle.
The Armorial Gold Learning Centre
FESSE--Represents a military belt or girdle of honour. The word Fesse is a French word; and signifies the loines of a man. The girdle of honour may seem to have been in ancient time given by Emperors, and Kings, and their Generals of the field unto soldiers, for reward of some special service performed by them. This Ordinary has been anciently taken for the same that we call Baltheum militare or a belt of
honour. The bestowing of this military girdle was reputed very honourable because none were to receive it but men of merit. If a knight was disarmed of his Military girdle by his demerits and offence, he is there-with-all deprived of all Military privileges.
LINES OF PARTITION:
There are many lines of partition between the fields. Some have documented symbolism others were merely added for artistic purposes or for purposes of distinguishing one shield from another. Nebuly or
Nebulee-- signifies clouds or air, Wavy or Undee--sea or water, Engrailed--earth or land,
Invected--earth or land, Indented--fire,
Dancettee--water, Raguly or Ragulee--Difficulties that have been encountered, Embattled--fire or walls of a fortress or town, Dovetail -- Strength, Rayonnee -- Sun, Radiant, Potent -- Determined through adversity
ERMINE: The fur most frequently used in heraldry. It derives its name from the Ermine or 'mus Armenicus' (so call from being found in the woods of Armenia), a small white animal whose fur it is. The black spots are supposed to represent the tails of ermines, sewed to the white fur for its enrichment; a symbol of dignity.
GRIFFIN: This chimerical creature has the head, wings, and talons of an eagle with the body of a lion, and is said expressed the ideal combination of swiftness, strength and intelligence. Historically the Griffin has been emblematic of valour, vigilance and death defying bravery. Guillim, an often quoted heraldic writer says this about the Griffin: " sets forth the property of a valorous soldier whose magnanimity is such that he will dare all dangers, and even death itself, rather than become captive." This creature is as old as the time of the Phoenicians, was sacred to the sun, and kept guard over hidden treasures. It is symbolic of watchfulness, courage, perseverance, and rapidity of execution. In legend, the creature was a symbol of superbia (arrogant pride), because Alexander the Great was said to have tried to fly on the backs of Griffins to the edge of the sky. During the middle Ages, Christian nobles searched for Griffin's eggs or "grypeseye" which they mounted and used for cups, believing they brought health to any beverage.
TREFOIL: A three-leaved figure usually slipped at the base and symbolic of perpetuity.
COATS OF ARMS (TERMS)
GORGED: Collared around the neck; symbolic of high dignity.
COLOURS, TINCTURES, METALS
OR, GOLD, YELLOW; known as 'jaune'; symbolizes generosity and elevation of the mind; one of the two metals of Heraldry. 'Or' is from Latin aurum): the chief of the tinctures; it is called Sol by those who blazon by the sun and planets.
GULES, RED (fr. gueules): the term is probably derived from the Arabic gule, a red rose; introduced by the Crusaders. Some historians feel the word is derived from the Latin gula, which in old French is found as gueule, i.e. the "red throat of an animal." Others, again, have tried to find the origin in the Hebrew word gulade, which signifies red cloth. Symbolizes a warrior or martyr; military strength and magnanimity.